White Papers

30 June 2020

Probabilistic constellation shaping addresses many of the limitations of conventional QAM-based coherent modulation. This white paper explains its benefits, how it works, and the enhancements that can maximize its value.


28 April 2020

While enterprise and data center networks have undergone a remarkable evolution over the past decade, multimode fiber (MMF) remains the most cost-effective short-reach solution on the market. Presenting the latest market trends for multimode fiber.

16 January 2020

The latest standards, technology, market and industry trends for graded-index, laser optimised multi-mode fibres (MMF) coupled to low-cost Vertical-Cavity Surface-Emitting Lasers (VCSELs) links

06 August 2019

The optical fiber network infrastructures installed today will typically see four generations of transmission systems over the network’s expected lifetime. As recent history has shown, the amount of data traffic these networks will carry will increase dramatically and continuously.

03 December 2018

Not all FTTH networks are built the same. Since construction and outside plant account for the majority of total network costs, getting the architecture right has a major impact on the business case.